Ein Film von Emine Demir
Der Dokumentarfilm ‘15 YIL‘, portraitiert die unrechtmäßige Verhaftung des Aktivisten, Schriftstellers und Journalisten Turgay Ulu. Dem damals 23-Jährigen wird untergeschoben, dass er bei der bewaffneten Befreiung eines politischen Gefangenen beteiligt gewesen sein soll. 15 Jahre verbringt er ohne Gerichtsbeschluss in Untersuchungshaft in der Türkei. Doch Turgay ein politischer Aktivist und überzeugter Marxist, nimmt auch im Gefängnis an Widerstandspraktiken teil, die sich vor allem gegen die gewaltvolle Einführung der Isolationshaft richtet. ‘15 YIL’ ist ein Film voller Mut, Liebe und Solidarität.
The documentary ’15 YIL’ (52′, TR&DE 2020) portrays the illegal arrest of the activist, writer and journalist Turgay Ulu. The then 23-year-old is accused of having participated in the armed liberation of a political prisoner. He spends 15 years in custody in Turkey without a court order. But Turgay, a political activist and convinced Marxist, also participated in resistance practices in prison, which were directed primarily against the violent introduction of solitary confinement. 15 YIL’ is a film full of courage, love and solidarity.
’15 YIL’ belgeseli, aktivist, yazar ve gazeteci Turgay Ulu’nun yasadışı bir şekilde tutuklanmasını anlatıyor. 23 yaşındayken, siyasi bir mahkumu silah yoluyla özgürleştirmekle suçlanıp, herhangi bir mahkeme kararı olmadan 15 yıl boyunca Türkiye’de tutuklu kalıyor. Sadık bir Marksist ve aktivist olan Turgay, hapishanede tecrid koşullarına karşı direniş pratiklerinde de yer alıyor. ’15 YIL’ cesaret, sevgi ve dayanışma üzerine bir film.
Der 67-minütige Film von Denise Garcia Bergt “Residenzpflicht” (2012) zeigt die Lebensrealität der Geflüchtete und ihren langjährigen Widerstand: Die Protagonist_innen kämpfen in den letzten Jahren in selbstorganisierten Initiativen gegen die Residenzpflicht und fordern deren Abschaffung. Sie protestieren gegen die erzwungene Isolation und fordern ihr Menschenrecht auf Bewegungsfreiheit. Der Film zeigt die Auswirkungen des europäischen Grenzregimes nach außen (Frontex) und “im Inneren” (deutsches Verteilungssystem auf Asylunterkünfte / Begrenzung der Bewegungsfreiheit) und sieht deren Ursachen im kolonialen Erbe und im Alltagsrassismus in Deutschland.
Embryo der Freiheit, 2012
Der Film ist als Ergebnis des Film-Workshops auf dem BREAK ISOLATION REFUGEE CAMP 2012 in Erfurt entstanden.
Workshopfilmkomitee: Ali Safianou Touré, Eylem Silan, Turgay Ulu
On the move, 2013
Documentation of the “Revolutionary refugee bustour” through whole germany
Call from 2012:
Following a long tradition of refugee struggles against the violation of our human rights, we set up the Refugee Protestcamp at Oranienplatz, Berlin on the 6th of October. It‘s there, we are keeping our resistance on the streets since one year and we are still keeping our struggle on the streets and we will stay until our demands are met! We ask all of you, refugees and asylum- seekers, around Germany to break the isolation and to break the silence and join your brothers and sisters to the Protestcamp at Oranienplatz to take what is our right. To exchange experiences, put aside our common fears and start fighting together, we are heading for a ‚Refugee Revolution Bus Tour‘ which will start on the 26th of February from Oranienplatz, Berlin. For three weeks we will visit Lagers in different federal states of Germany in order to spread information about the protest and invite all of you, the refugees and asylum- seekers, to gather in Berlin for the big demonstration on 23rd of March. In order to fight against the inhuman laws in a mass protest, we call you to stand up with us hand in hand to:
Abolish the inhuman deportation law
Close the Refugee camps
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9 days on the roof
“You Can’t Evict a Movement!” Excerpt from the Rise of the Refugee Movement in Germany (2012-2014) to the Practice of Squatting. Colectivo Hinundzurück, Germany, Berlin-Kreuzberg
The rise of these refugee-movements consequently lead to greater self-organizing with sigificant outputs, including several congresses and conferences that were orgainized by refugees throughout 2012-2014: The “Refugee Struggle Congress“ in München in March 2013 with 300 participants, the first “Refugee-Women’s-Conference” in Hamburg in April 20131, and the “Refugee Tribunal Against Germany“ in Berlin in June 2013, organized by activists of the “Caravan for the Rights of Refugees and Migrants” and “The Voice Refugee Forum Germany“. Meanwhile, 500 refugees from all over Germany and more than 100 people in total attended the “International Tribunal Against Germany”.2
Further, activities and protets continued from February 26th to March 20th 2013, when refugees organized the “Refugees Revolution Bus Tour“ through 22 cities in Germany to visit refugees in their Lagers and to carry out protest-actions.
But possibly the most significant struggle of refugees was witnessed during the summer 2014, when some 50 refugees on the roof and inside the building of the squatted Refugee Strike House (the former school Gerhardt-Hauptmann), resisted a siege and eviction attempt by police who had deployed daily some 500 officers for nine days. The situation ended finally with an agreement between the refugees and the district council of Kreuzberg-Friedrichshain.1
On June 24th, 2014 at 10 am in the morning, some 900 police officiers went massively to the squatted school, blocked various important streets of the neighbourhood and prevented public access to the adjoining streets of the refugee strike house. With the police were also members of the district council, which is governed by the Greens (Die Grünen)2, with the intention of evicting and completely vacating the building.
The district had always spoken about a “voluntary moving (move/relocation)” of the squatters of the school, in which the occupants would be transfered and relocated to refugee homes outside of the city, because officially an order of eviction did not exist. But nevertheless, due to the high pressure and the threat of an eviction, 208 inhabitants did agree to the move. Nevertheless, around 50 refugees and some activists remained on the roof of the building, resisting the eviction and demanding a permit of permanent residency for themselves and for all of the refugees in Germany; to maintain the occupied school for themselves as an autonomous, self-managed place, and for living, permission to work, no accomodations in Heim or Lager, the abolition of the Rezidenzpflicht and finally, for an end to the deportation policy. Some refugees threatened publicly to jump from the roof if the police tried to enter the school or to evict them. From that moment on the siege of the police began, which as was stated, lasted for nine days. Meanwhile, inside the police cordon, thousands of inhabitants were living in the streets – when ever leaving or coming to their homes, having to identify themselvs to the officers stationed at the barriers/fencing off.
The local shops, bars and bakeries were forced to close since there was no possible public access to their facilities. The kindergardens closed a well on the fifth day of the siege since the parents did not want to send their children through such a situation. On the other side of the police cordon, activists in solidarity with the refugees established an information center with music, an open microphone, a peoples’ kitchen, and an open-air cinema with footage of the refugee protests. Day and night, for 242 hours in total, thousands of people passed by offering a diverse and daily display of increasing solidarity.